Panna National Park

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PannaandChhatarpurdistricts,Madhya Pradesh, India

PannaKhajuraho(25km (16mi))

Government of IndiaMinistry of Environment and ForestsProject TigerMadhya Pradesh

Panna National Parkis anational parklocated inPannaandChhatarpurdistricts ofMadhya Pradeshin India. It has an area of 542.67km2(209.53sqmi). It was declared in 1994 as the twenty secondTiger reserve of Indiaand the fifth in Madhya Pradesh,[1]Panna was given theAward of Excellencein 2007 as the best maintained national park of India by theMinistry of Tourismof India.[1]It is notable that by 2009, the entire tiger population had been eliminated bypoachingwith the collusion of forest department officials.[2]It was designated asBiosphere Reserveon 25 August 2011.

Panna National Park and the surroundingterritorial forestarea of North and South Pannaforest divisionis the only large chunk of wildlife habitat remaining in North Madhya Pradesh in the otherwisefragmented forest landscapeof the region.

The National Park is situated at a point where the continuity of theTropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forestsbelt, which starts fromCape ComorininSouth India, is broken and beyond this theUpper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forestsof the greatIndo-Gangetic Plainbegins. This area is the northernmost tip of the naturalteakforests and the easternmost tip of the natural KardhaiAnogeissus pendulaforests.

The forests of Panna National Park along withKen Gharial Wildlife Sanctuaryand adjoining territorial divisions form a significant part of thecatchment areaof the 406km (252mi)Ken Riverwhich runs northeast for about 72km (45mi) through the park.[1]

Among the animals found here are thetiger, leopard,chitalchinkaranilgaisambharandsloth bear. The park is home to more than 200 species of birds including thebar-headed goosehoney buzzardking vultureblossom-headed parakeetchangeable hawk-eagleandIndian vulture.

Panna National Park was declared as one of theTiger reserves of Indiain 1994/95 and placed under the protection ofProject Tiger.[3][4]The decline of tiger population in Panna has been reported several times.[5][6][7]Two female tigers were relocated there fromBandhavgarh National ParkandKanha National Parkin March 2009. However, the last male tiger had already disappeared.[8]A committee to look into the disappearance of the tigers was formed.[9]

In June 2009, it was officially announced that the Reserve, which had over 40 tigers six years earlier, had no tiger left and only two tigresses, which were brought in a little earlier[10]In February 2012, only three years later, the entire tiger population of the reserve was considered eliminated. The Madhya Pradesh government did not determine responsibility for the debacle, nor did it pass the inquiry to theCentral Bureau of Investigationin spite of requests from the Ministry of Environment and Forests and the Prime Ministers Office.[11]

TheMinistry of Environment and Forests(MoEF) approved a proposal to translocate two tigers and two tigresses to the reserve.[12]One female each fromBandhavgarh National Park(coded T1) andKanha National Park(T2) were translocated toPanna Tiger Reserve.[13]A tiger male, coded T3, was brought fromPench Tiger Reservebut strayed out of the park shortly thereafter, in November 2009[14]The tiger started walking towards its home in Pench National Park, indicating homing instinct. It moved steadily through human dominated landscape without causing any conflict. Forest department staff tracked it continuously for over a month and finally brought it back to thePanna Tiger Reserve. It then settled well, established territory and started mating. The tigress, T1, translocated fromBandhavgarh National Park, gave birth to four cubs in April 2010 of which 2 survive till date.[13]The second tigress, T2, translocated fromKanha National Parkgave birth to four cubs several months later and all four survive till date.[13]A third tigress, coded T4, an orphaned cub was reintroduced to Panna in March 2011.[15]She learnt hunting skills with the help of the male and mated with him. She was found dead on 19 September 2014 of an infection caused by its radio collar.[16]Her sister T5 was released in Panna in November 2011.[13]Thus four tigers and around 10 cubs of up to 2 years are settled inPanna Tiger Reserveat present and their progress is being regularly monitored by the Forest Department.

TheGovernment of Indiaalong withGovernment of Madhya PradeshandGovernment of Uttar Pradeshhave planned to link theKen RiverwithBetwa River. This involves construction of 283m longDaudhan Dam. The project aims to transfer excess water from Ken basin to Betwa basin thus provide water access to the drought prone region ofBundelkhand.

This construction will cause inundation of 400 hectares of land of 4300 hectare Panna Tiger reserve. Environmentalist are afraid that this will adversely affect the population of tigers in the region.[17]

Field Director, Panna Tiger Reserve.The Park.

Welcome to the official website of Panna Tiger Reserve

. Forest department of Madhya Pradesh

. The Statesman Limited. 31 October 2011. Archived fromthe originalon 3 January 2003

Cabinet approves 5 new Tiger reserve

, Live India, 13 January 2011, archived fromthe originalon 18 February 2012

, New Delhi: Inder Mohan Singh Kathuria on behalf of National Tiger Conservation Authority, Government of India, 2, issue 2, p.19, JanuaryFebruary 2011

Govt orders probe into missing Panna tiger Times of India. The Times of India. 28 March 2009

Panel to look into disappearance of tiger Times of India. The Times of India. 9 May 2009

Mahim Pratap Singh (7 February 2012).CBI probe for Panna tiger debacle stuck at the lowest level.

Centre clears translocation of 4 big cats to Panna.

. Panna: Panna Tiger Reserve. p.6.

Desperately tracking a stray tiger in Panna reserve Times of India. The Times of India. 21 December 2009

Panna reserve gets another tigress.

Radio-collar infection kills tigress in MP.

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This page was last edited on 24 January 2018, at 20:54.

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